Join the Bergen County Audubon Society this coming Sunday (Oct. 6) for a guided walk through DeKorte Park, the gem of the Meadowlands park system! The walk goes from 10 am to noon and meets outside the Meadowlands Environment Center in the park in Lyndhurst.
They’ll be on the lookout for waterfowl and raptors. For more information, contact Chris Takacs at firstname.lastname@example.org or 201-207-0426.
On Tuesday Sept. 24 John J. Collins spotted and photographed an extremely rare for the area Long-tailed Skipper at DeKorte Park in Lyndhurst. It is only the second time this butterfly has been documented in Bergen County, the first being at the Bergen County Audubon Society Butterfly Garden in Overpeck Park some six years ago. Fantastic find and thanks to John!!
Join Bergen County Audubon Society President Don Torino this Sunday (Sept. 29) from 1 to 2 p.m. for “Return of the Bald Eagle,” a program on the awesome rebound of Eagles, who were once on the brink of extinction and now thrive right here in Bergen County. The program will be held at the Teaneck Creek Conservancy, 20 Puffin Way, Teaneck. For more info click here
Congratulations to Chris Soucey, who received the first Bergen County Audubon Society Frank M. Chapman Award at the Meadowlands Birding Festival last Saturday.
Chris is the Executive Director of TheRaptor Trust , a non-profit avian rehabilitation sanctuary in Millington. The son of Raptor Trust founders Len and Diane Soucy, Chris grew up at The Raptor Trust and has participated in wildlife conservation, raptor research, hawk banding and rehabilitation since he was 4-years-old.
Frank M. Chapman, a native of West Engelwood (now Teaneck), was inspired by birds in the woods and fields of Bergen County to make them his life’s work. Chapman opposed the feather trade, promoted bird watching over hunting and pioneered the use of photography in ornithology. He was also the author of early popular field guides, the founder of the Christmas Bird Hunt and the first Curator of Ornithology at the Museum of Natural History.
A few years
back birders from all over New Jersey and some neighboring states descended upon Losen Slote Creek Park in Little Ferry to
see if they could get a look at Redpolls and White-winged Crossbills that were
generous enough to stop over and give us local folks a thrill. As a multitude
of binoculars gazed skyward I could hear a nice young lady cry out, “There they are on the itchy balls!” I couldn’t help but laugh. I hadn’t heard
the tree referred to by that name for a very, very long time . Of course, the tree that she was
so happily denoting was a Liquidambar styraciflua, The Sweetgum Tree.
My first introduction to the Sweetgum goes back to
my youth wandering the wild places of the Meadowlands with my friend Paul who
was a West Virginia transplant . Paul would always give me some of his good old
down home backwoods words of wisdom whenever he got a chance. “When your
hunting squirrels in the winter always look for the tree with the little balls,
they hold plenty of food when all the other trees are empty.”
As time went
on I never forgot the lessons of my youth and used what I had learned from my
West Virginian chum, but this time for a
much more gentle purpose, to help me on my birding ventures. Find a Sweetgum in
places like DeKorte Park in Lyndhurst, Mill Creek Marsh in Secaucus and Losen Slote,
or wherever, and you will find birds .
The Sweetgum Tree got its name for the sweet taste
and gummy feel of its sap. Native Americans and early Pioneers would chew its
hard clumps of resin which could be obtained by stripping off the bark and
allowing the resin to harden. Sweetgums are large trees, growing up to 100 feet
tall. They have a straight trunk, up to three feet wide. Sweetgums grow in woods
and along streambanks and lakes. They are easy to identify by their star-shaped
leaves with five pointy lobes, and a long stalk. Fully grown leaves are about
six inches long, and bright green. In the fall, leaves turn red. Sweetgum
flowers are tiny, greenish, and ball-like and grow in clusters and of course
there is its spiny ball-like fruit.
If there was ever a perfect wildlife tree it would
be the Sweetgum. The nectar produced by
the flowers attracts pollinators, hummingbirds and 33 species of native caterpillars critical
to a healthy ecosystem including the Luna Moth, a declining species. And then
of course there are those wonderful “little itchy balls.” The characteristic
woody fruits covered with spikey prickles. Whether you know the name of the
tree or not, everyone knows the tree that is guilty of those little brown
prickly balls all over the ground in late fall and winter that you find yourself
tripping over and the very same ones you loved to throw at friends when you
were a kid.
These wonderful little wildlife magnets make the inconvenience
of the little orbs on the driveway well worth having. The seeds in the gum ball
structure look similar to the nyjer (thistle) seeds commonly sold for bird food
and will attract the same birds as a finch feeder and more. There may be up to
50 seeds in each ball that are loved by birds such as Goldfinches ,Crossbills,
Redpolls, Chickadees and Red-winged Blackbirds. Even Wild Turkey dine on the
little gum ball seeds.
The next time you come across one of the seed balls
on the ground pick it up and tap the ball in your hand. You will see all the
tiny seeds drop out. Those seeds mean survival to many of our winter birds. Recently
I read that there are Sweetgum cultivars that produce no seed balls. In my
opinion this should be considered a crime against nature, like having decaffeinated coffee or
non-alcoholic beer. Why bother ?
For years my neighbor had a beautiful sweetgum which
hung partly over my property. When he cut it down I lost many of the great bird
species that would visit my backyard. Unfortunately this is what happens to
many of the backyard Sweetgums. They are cut down because homeowners get tired
of raking up the many balls that get strewn all over their yards.
Just in case you are looking for something more
environmentally friendly and imaginative with all those Sweetgum balls they can
be used in many craft projects that are fun for the whole family http://www.sturdyforcommonthings.com/2012/12/diy-sweet-gum-ball-garland/ Plant
species like the Sweetgum in the Meadowlands and in our backyards are critical
to having and keeping a healthy and vibrant ecosystem in our community. It is a
plant that plays an important role in providing food for our many bird species
here in the Meadowlands and all of New Jersey. This
winter when the birds may seem few and far between look for a Sweetgum tree and
my bet is you will find the birds.
Great story by Scott Fallon of The Record on the soaring numbers of Bald Eagles in the Meadowlands and around the State over the past few decades. As he notes in the story, “Birders in the Meadowlands have reported seeing as many as 60 eagles in one day, most of them perched on a tree in Little Ferry.” Read the story here